Coronavirus in world。 Factbox: Latest on worldwide spread of the coronavirus

Coronavirus

Since the first case of COVID-19 was identified in December 2019, the illness has become a pandemic, touching every corner of the planet. Many of us have to go to work, others have to go to school. 15, the total infections reached 27. Demographics: For example, mortality tends to be higher in older populations. As new cases and deaths slow, the curves level or bend down. This page features important advisories, guidelines, resources, and materials on the COVID-19 outbreak for all UN duty stations, offices, personnel and their families, visitors, and UN healthcare workers, as well as advice on maintaining wellness. Additionally, hand-washing with soap makes our hands slippery and the mechanical motion of washing rips the viruses away from your skin and down the drain. Company• Other factors, many of which remain unknown. Soap feels nice to our skin, but to viruses it is extremely destructive. Several estimates for the threshold are quoted, one widely cited one is by Altmann et al. In countries that test very little in relation to their outbreak — shown in shades of red in the chart — many cases are likely to go unreported. rene said:This item says that, "Scientists now suspect this coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, originated in a bat and somehow hopped to another animal, possibly the pangolin, which then passed it on to humans. As the chart title says, the epi curve for each country shows the number of confirmed cases only: those cases that were confirmed by a laboratory test. How big a fraction of total cases get confirmed depends on how much a country actually tests. While the number of cases has slowed in many countries that were hit hard early on by coronavirus, the number of new cases continues to increase. Closed spaces with poor ventilation,• You depend on all of those that have to be out — they all depend on you to not get sick. Coronaviruses, like many other viruses, are wrapped into an envelope protein. However, with the COVID-19 pandemic we are in the unfortunate situation that the number of total cases is not known. Countries are grouped into four categories:• One of the most important ways to measure the burden of COVID-19 is mortality. Countries throughout the world have reported very different case fatality ratios — the number of deaths divided by the number of confirmed cases. Written and presented in a style that makes even the most complex subjects interesting and easy to understand, is enjoyed by readers of all ages. Scientists are continuing to study the virus and work on treatments, including a vaccine. The pandemic will come to an end when the world population has immunity against the disease. Only a fraction of total cases — those confirmed by a test — is known. When this becomes a reality many die untreated. We touch our face much more often than we realize. Washing your hands is your superpower in the fight against the pandemic. The OxCGRT researchers also calculate a summary measure of nine of the response metrics called the Government Stringency Index. However, it's now clear that early in , some infected people had no connection to the market. 36 United Arab Emirates 183,755 609 0. — The NYT tracker includes brief summaries of each development. The reason to stay home is not necessarily that you are scared for your own health, but to protect those who need to be out. 23 Trinidad and Tobago 6,864 122 1. Excess mortality is thus a more comprehensive measure of the impact of the pandemic on deaths than the confirmed COVID-19 death count alone. We need to see the number of tests in relation to the size of the outbreak: countries with large outbreaks need to do much more testing to monitor the spread of the pandemic than countries where the disease is under control. The goal of a suppression strategy is to reduce Rt below 1 and keep the total number of infections so low that herd immunity will never be achieved. In our you find the data and research on smallpox — and the history of how it was eradicated. Individually however we can not always easily choose to stay away from each other. The research clearly suggests that masks help to reach both of the main goals: They reduce the risk for the wearer to get infected — and they also reduce the risk of the wearer infecting others. The states currently facing the worst COVID-19 outbreaks Though daily case numbers are rising throughout the U. Explore how the number of coronavirus cases have shifted in different parts of the world over time. Why are not all countries included in this chart? We have previously looked into the. Why is a vaccine so important? Not touching your face is harder than it might first appear. Tom Chivers we would like to thank for his editorial review and feedback. The aim is to slow the spread of the disease so that we reduce the peak and can care for all — or at least a larger share — of the people that need care. — The Milken Institute publishes — and regularly updates — a tracker of possible treatments and vaccines for COVID-19 that scientists are currently working on. Countries that have responded most successfully were able to avoid choosing between the two: they avoided the trade-off between a high mortality and a high socio-economic impact of the pandemic. 17 case, about one to five new cases were reported every day and by Dec. We have calculated P-scores from the raw weekly death data from the in the following way:• To properly monitor the impact of the pandemic we would need metrics that are unfortunately not available: the total number of deaths due COVID-19 and the metrics that capture the many ways the pandemic indirectly impacts our lives. Media Services• And as explained above the best way to contribute to this goal is to not get infected yourself — by washing your hands, wearing a mask, and watching your distance. Before we study how to make progress we should consider the more basic question: is it possible to do so? According to the• Where this threshold lies is not currently known. As explained above: without testing there is no data on the number of cases, and without data no country can respond appropriately to the pandemic. Confirmed cases are only a fraction of the number of total cases. If you can stay at home, stay at home to protect those who need to be out for society to function. To get the right mindset for your most important job of 2020: Wash your hands like you just cut some chillies and now have to put contact lenses in. The map here shows which measures different countries have currently in place. The United Nations is closely monitoring the situation with the COVID-19 outbreak. The point of this work is to understand those countries so that the rest of the world can learn from them. However, it's now clear that early in what is now a pandemic, some infected people had no connection to the market. Face touching: A frequent habit that has implications for hand hygiene. We built 207 country profiles which allow you to explore the statistics on the coronavirus pandemic for every country in the world. Facemasks aim to prevent the spread of the virus from one person to the next. Crowded spaces,• It shows us whether reported cases go to zero and crucially gives us an indication of how good that reporting is. In these times the risk for all patients, not just COVID-19 patients, can be much higher than normal. It is possible to respond successfully to the pandemic. These measures restrict the freedom of individuals and are socially very costly — kids learn less and adults earn less. land borders with Canada and Mexico will remain closed to non-essential travel until at least Jan. Some measures against the pandemic are beyond what any individual can do. 5 days after illness onset, his wife, a 53-year-old woman who had no known history of exposure to the market, also presented with pneumonia and was hospitalised in the isolation ward. And as more healthcare workers get sick themselves, the capacity of healthcare systems declines at just the time when it is most needed. To not infect others your goal is to prevent the virus from traveling from your body to the mouth, nose or eyes of somebody else. Deaths: How many deaths from Coronavirus have been reported? Excess mortality and the rate of the confirmed deaths is what we focus on in the sections below, but for a fuller assessment a wider perspective is useful. Humanitarian Practice Network, 52. Much of our work therefore focuses on explaining what the data can — and can not — tell us about the pandemic. The entire world has the same goal: cases of COVID-19 need to go to zero. Their positive rate is very high. In these countries, the number of confirmed cases indicated may represent only a fraction of the total number of cases. The disease is now spreading between people without any animal intermediary. It says that "no epidemiological link was found between the first patient and later cases. However, since we currently lack any pharmaceutical defense against COVID-19 it is clear that eradication is at best a hopeful possibility far beyond our current horizon. This will be important because eventually a very large share of the world population needs to receive a COVID vaccine. This is not evidence of previously undetected community spread as your article is attempting to imply. To capture both of these are ongoing efforts of our work. This entry can be cited as: Max Roser, Hannah Ritchie, Esteban Ortiz-Ospina and Joe Hasell 2020 - "Coronavirus Pandemic COVID-19 ". We would simply report new cases over time — a chart that the literature refers to as the epidemic curve, often shortened to epi curve. Current research however suggests that even the worst affected regions are not close to the immunity threshold. Based on this principle we calculate a quality metric for the case counts that answers the question: what share of tests in a particular country confirm a case of COVID-19? While the Country Profiles provide the in-depth perspective, the chart shown below provides the global, comparative perspective. Countries that do very few tests per confirmed case are unlikely to be testing widely enough to find all cases. Our goal is two-fold:• The world map shows enormous differences across countries:• How does mortality differ across countries? Additionally these countries report unfortunately still very high daily case counts — their lines are red and far from zero. Together with colleagues at the Robert Koch Institute, the Chan School of Public Health, the UK Public Health Rapid Support Team, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and other institutions we study countries that responded most successfully in detail. Interpreting and using mortality data in humanitarian emergencies. This page here is one of our efforts to communicate the scientific knowledge about the pandemic. 83 Switzerland 373,831 5,976 1. Just type the name in the search box there. The hope in this strategy is that a vaccine will become available which will provide the immunity instead. The measles vaccine was found relatively rapidly: it took only 10 years from the discovery of the pathogen to the development of the first vaccine. To be safe anywhere, every region in the world needs to make progress against the pandemic — and this means dark blue lines hitting zero. By moving the time-line below the map you can see how this metric has changed around the world; by clicking on a country you can see how it changed in every country. One possible future is that more and more people get infected with the virus and thereby acquire immunity against future infections. A systematic review and meta-analysis by Chu et al. What are the means to reach this goal and win time and provide healthcare for all that need it? This means that we need to be able to monitor the number of confirmed cases and the testing that a country does. You find three in-depth studies of three of the more successful countries in our work on the :• While some commentaries on the pandemic have the premise that all countries failed to respond well to the pandemic the exact opposite stands out to us: Even at this early stage of the pandemic we see very large differences between countries — as the chart shows. one of the most impactful events in our lifetime. has consistently had the most new daily cases of coronavirus in the region, Brazil's new daily cases increased rapidly between May and August. Until a vaccine reaches a large enough share of the population, more and more people will contract the disease. Our World In Data is a project of the , a registered charity in England and Wales Charity Number 1186433. Others, such as Mexico, Nigeria, and Bangladesh do very few tests — five or fewer — for every confirmed case. The level shows how many people were confirmed to have died due to COVID-19 in each country. Clicking on any country in the chart highlights that country. Looking at excess mortality is helpful for understanding the total impact of the pandemic on deaths — both direct and indirect. That's more than a month earlier than doctors noted cases in Wuhan, China, which is in Hubei province, at the end of December 2019. 29 North Macedonia 73,025 2,096 2. workers could soon face choices such as free COVID-19 shots and a cash bonus if all get immunized, or those unwilling to be vaccinated get reassigned or even lose their jobs. Government responses: What measures did countries take in response to the pandemic? You can find the complete overview — including a detailed description of each source — in our testing database. To answer these questions we need data. While earliest outbreaks of the virus were located in mainland China, the number of new cases in China have tapered off as new cases in the rest of the world continue to rise. Perhaps the most important thing to know about the pandemic is that it is possible to fight the pandemic. Only countries for which we have data on testing are included in this world map is our testing database — all sources are documented there and we report for which countries we were not able to find testing data. producer prices barely rose in November, supporting views that inflation would remain benign in the near term. The approach that we followed here at Our World in Data is to learn the lessons from those countries that responded successfully. Industry Products• But the indirect impacts that result from the alternative — the containment measures of shutting down public life — also lead to widespread suffering: these include higher unemployment, lower production and therefore increasing rates of poverty , and likely also higher mortality from other causes. Bloomberg. Citation Our articles and data visualizations rely on work from many different people and organizations. These strategies come in two intensities: mitigation and suppression. The question is how this immunity threshold will be reached. The positivity rate is often thought of in terms of the share of tests that yield a positive result. In our page dedicated to the mortality risk we explain why it is difficult to answer this question and what we do know — we explain the difference between the infection and the case fatality rate, explain common mistakes in interpreting mortality statistics, and we report the case fatality rate for countries around the world — as always we update it daily. Each profile includes interactive visualizations, explanations of the presented metrics, and the details on the sources of the data. The chair of the WHO emergency committee said on January 23 that , and on January 30. For example, if the pandemic overwhelms health systems or diverts resources away from other health problems, more people may die from non-COVID causes than we would expect. Big innovations now could make all the difference between a pandemic that spreads around the globe and requires us to live a life in constant worry of new outbreaks or the possibility that we find the technological innovation to protect ourselves from the virus. Beyond the individual level we can join forces to achieve even more. Points with a black border correspond to the 20 most affected countries by COVID-19 worldwide, based on the number of deaths. While some suffer terrible outbreaks others have managed to contain rapid outbreaks or even prevented bad outbreaks entirely. And public health experts believe the actual toll — the recorded deaths plus the unrecorded deaths —. — The LSHTM tracker is updated weekly and shows the current stage of each development. The data for Brazil, Mexico, the United States, Panama, India, South Africa, and Nigeria shows that these countries test little relative to the size of the outbreak. [For more details on this metric see. We are on the way to several vaccines against COVID-19 — several Vaccine Trackers monitor the progress: The speed at which the first COVID vaccines were developed was extraordinary. It too is a Corona-virus , just not the one that causes Covid-19• The joint statement is based on the as well as the recommendations in the on data protection, privacy, and human rights. This is not known, but we can get an indication by looking at the extent of testing. This type of visualization highlights a state's daily growth or decline relative to the overall size of its outbreak. See of our colleague Joe Hasell who looked at this in detail. [ is an explanation for how to read logarithmic axes. At the time, authorities suspected the virus stemmed from something sold at a wet market in the city. is also made available by the authors. Once a country experiences a rapid outbreak of the disease it can only respond with one of two bad alternatives: leaving the pandemic unchecked would mean that a very large share of the population would get sick and many would die. You have apparently mis-interpreted the reading from your Wiki source. Media Services• We can see three different ways in which the pandemic has affected countries:• Here at Our World in Data we aim to provide a broad perspective on the living conditions of people around the world — from poverty, to education, to human rights, and health more broadly — look at of the topics we work on. One of the most severe policy responses are stay-at-home requirements or household lockdowns. Only if we end the pandemic everywhere can the pandemic end anywhere. people with a positive result divided by either the number of people tested, or by the number of tests performed. If there is a link found between the first patient and the market, then it definitely is an epidemiological link between the first patient and later cases, genius. By slowing the pandemic we give scientists more time to develop the technology we all need. 40 Colombia 1,417,072 38,866 2. " A quick look at the Wikipedia entry for Pangolin shows that this suspicion has been discounted. The data on confirmed cases only becomes meaningful when it can be interpreted in light of how much a country is testing. Where COVID-19 is spreading in the U. If the total number of cases was known it would be straightforward to build a good visualization to monitor the pandemic. The chart here shows excess mortality during the pandemic as the percentage difference between the number of weekly deaths in 2020 and the average number of deaths in the same week over the previous five years 2015—2019 — a measure called the P-score. Company• The question is: how big of a fraction of the total number of cases are confirmed? 54 Equatorial Guinea 5,185 85 1. The policy categories shown may not apply at all sub-national levels. You can help by spreading your knowledge about the pandemic and by teaching others how they can protect themselves and those around them. Hover over the circles to see the country name and a ratio value. As of March 13, there were nearly 148,000 cases globally and more than 81,000 cases in mainland China, with cases on every continent except Antarctica. Since early November, hundreds of volunteers have mobilized to cook and deliver meals to homeless persons in Montpellier in the south of France. The definitions here are found in Walker et al. How you can interact with this chart• Because no academically sound organization built a database on testing we here at Our World in Data spend much of our work on building the required international testing database that allows us to make sense of the available counts of confirmed cases. Countries falling on the uppermost lines have the highest observed case fatality ratios. We would like to acknowledge and thank a number of people in the development of this work: Carl Bergstrom, Bernadeta Dadonaite, Natalie Dean, Joel Hellewell, Jason Hendry, Adam Kucharski, Moritz Kraemer and Eric Topol for their very helpful and detailed comments and suggestions on earlier versions of this work. These countries suffered a smaller direct impact, but they also limited the indirect impacts because they were able to release lockdown measures earlier. See for example Lucy C Okell, Robert Verity, Oliver J Watson, Swapnil Mishra, Patrick Walker, Charlie Whittaker et al. Unfortunately this has already happened several times during the pandemic: the need for healthcare was much greater than what the system was able to offer in the , , , and several other places around the world. The default view on a logarithmic y-axis is helpful to compare the growth rates between countries: on a logarithmic axis the steepness of the line corresponds to the growth rate. For details for individual countries see our detailed. Humanity has before, but only twice: Rinderpest, a disease that infected primarily cattle, was , and smallpox was declared eradicated in 1980. More references can be found at the footnote here. To not get infected you have to do what you can to prevent the virus from entering your body through your mouth, nose, or eyes. 19 Sao Tome and Principe 1,009 17 1. We cannot respond to every message we receive, but we do read all feedback and aim to take the many helpful ideas into account. There are two ways:• Products• A clinical trial of such a vaccine has already started recruiting volunteers in Seattle,. Below we will explain in more detail what we can learn from this chart, but the quick summary of this chart is that each line in this chart shows you the new confirmed cases over time — that part of the chart is simply the classic epi curve — while the line color shows you the quality of the data at each point in time: the rate of tests that are positive. Note that there may be sub-national or regional differences in restrictions. 27 South Africa 852,965 23,106 2. When did they start and how does it compare with other countries? The nine metrics used to calculate the Government Stringency Index are: school closures; workplace closures; cancellation of public events; restrictions on public gatherings; closures of public transport; stay-at-home requirements; public information campaigns; restrictions on internal movements; and international travel controls. Since soap is so very common and cheap it is easy to fail to appreciate how powerful it is. We have about how the importance of hand-washing was discovered in the 19th century and how it contributed to the large decline of maternal mortality since. What policy makers need to know about COVID-19 protective immunity. In a fast-evolving pandemic it is not a simple matter to identify the countries that are most successful in making progress against it. Recommended not to leave the house• In-depth: The mortality risk from COVID-19 If someone is infected with COVID-19, how likely is that person to die? Some places are more dangerous than others. Several institutions maintain the websites in which they list COVID-19 candidate vaccines that are currently being developed:• , the impact is not distributed equally among all states. There is a second reason why it is important to flatten the curve: Slowing down the pandemic means that scientists have time to develop tools to fight the virus. Scientists around the world are working on solutions to fight this pandemic — better tests, medication, and in the best scenario, a vaccine — but this takes time. Differences in the number of people tested: With more testing, more people with milder cases are identified. The steepness of the slope shows how rapidly the death count was rising at a particular moment in the outbreak. The trajectories of the death counts make clear just how very differently different countries were impacted. All countermeasures have the same goal: to slow the rate of infection. Doctors may not have been aware of all of those cases at the time, but only identified those cases after going back over the records, the Morning Post reported. For a country to be included in this chart, we require data on testing for this country is our testing database — all sources are documented there and we report for which countries we were not able to find testing data. It is not a nice experience, but during a pandemic physical distancing is a nice thing to do. And for a well-referenced summary of current scientific knowledge: Mohammed, Manal 2020. Zhang Jixian, head of the respiratory department at Hubei Provincial Hospital, reported to health officials in China that a novel coronavirus was causing the disease; by that day, it had infected more than 180 individuals. A doctor can help 10,000 patients one after the other, but a doctor can not help 10,000 patients when they are all sick at the same time. By clicking on any country you can how the response has changed in each country over time. However, in September, several countries that had previously flattened their curve saw a resurgence in cases, including Spain and France. But just as the chart before that focused on confirmed deaths, it is clear that a rapid, devastating outbreak is not the fate that countries inevitably face. Eventually they were able to bend the curve and bring down the number of confirmed cases, while increasing the ratio of tests to confirmed cases. How can we make progress against the pandemic? 7 if the COVID-19 situation allows, a minister said. Just as it is not informative to look at case counts in isolation it is also not informative to look at the number of tests in isolation. Countries vary in which test count they report. 72 United Kingdom 1,835,949 64,123 3. Among the countries with the highest death toll are some of the most populous countries in the world such as the US, Brazil, and Mexico. The measles virus, for example, can remain in the air for up to two hours and travel many dozen meters. 87 Argentina 1,494,602 40,668 2. Since early July, new daily cases averaged over 200,000 worldwide. Products• 34 Democratic Republic of the Congo 6,049 99 1. Is the number of deaths still increasing? We made it — epidemiologists, the WHO, the UN, and many governments rely on our database for their daily work. 1, 2019 in an individual who had no link to that seafood market, researchers reported Jan. No epidemiological link was found between the first patient and later cases. Differences in mortality numbers can be caused by:• In this project, the impact of the pandemic will be one of our focus areas as we move forward. Countries in many regions in the world — South Korea, Germany, and Uruguay for example — have shown that it is very much possible to mitigate and even suppress the pandemic. When both new and total case and death counts grow quickly, the curves bend upward. These efforts have likely saved more than 100 million lives since. has had more confirmed cases of COVID-19 than any other country, and the numbers continue to grow at a rapid rate. 18 Nov 2020 Data and Statistics A Joint Statement on Data Protection and Privacy in the COVID-19 response was issued after endorsement by the undersigned UN System Organizations. The best possible future would be one in which humanity eradicates the virus entirely. Testing: How much testing for coronavirus do countries conduct? In late spring and early summer, new COVID-19 cases were largely driven by cases in the Americas. You can of course select other countries too.。 。

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